Collages by Hugh Scott Douglas via but does it float
mask as coping mechanism:
"to the ordinary people, festival arts are more than minstrelsy; they affirm the use of the mask, literally and metaphorically, in coming to terms or coping with an environment that has yet to work in their interest, a society that is yet to be mastered and controlled by them…"
—Masking and power: carnival and popular culture in the Carribean by Gerard Aching p.59
mask as entry to the spirit-world:
"There are many spirits with talents for invention who are constantly employed in devising new methods of accomplishing known objects or methods of accomplishing objects which in themselves are new. The majority of important inventions are thus first discovered in the spirit-world, and from thence are impressed on the minds of medially endowed individuals on earth. In most instances after an invention is perfected in the spirit-world a spiritual model of it is brought to earth, and here sufficiently materialized to test it under earthly conditions.
Spirit mechanics have tools and implements of every description, and by their labor they accomplish as much in one day as a mortal, equally skillful and correspondingly employed, can in a week."
—Spirit World: Its Inhabitants, Nature and Philosophy 1879 by Eugene Crowell p.84
"There is nothing unreal and spectral about the spirit world. This world, with its solid mountains, its rock-ribbed coasts, its vast plains and vaster oceans, is not more substantial than and not so permanent and enduring in character as all that constitutes that world, and if the concurrent testimony of intelligent spirits can be relied on, this in comparison, from their side, is the shadowy land, theirs the real"
—Spirit World: Its Inhabitants, Nature and Philosophy 1879 by Eugene Crowell p.24